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人教版八年级上册英语第二单元预习(重点短语+句子+语法+训练)

本文摘要:八年级上册Unit2素材(重点短语+句子+语法+训练)一.词组、短语1. 资助做家务 help with housework 2. 在周末on weekends 3. 去看影戏 go to the movies 4. 险些不 hardly ever5. 每一天 every day 6. 一周两次 twice a week 7. 使用网络 use the Internet 8. 上钢琴和舞蹈课have piano and dance lessons 9. 怎么会? How c

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八年级上册Unit2素材(重点短语+句子+语法+训练)一.词组、短语1. 资助做家务 help with housework 2. 在周末on weekends 3. 去看影戏 go to the movies 4. 险些不 hardly ever5. 每一天 every day 6. 一周两次 twice a week 7. 使用网络 use the Internet 8. 上钢琴和舞蹈课have piano and dance lessons 9. 怎么会? How come? 10. 熬夜 stay up 11. 吃康健的早餐 eat a healthy breakfast 12. 做运动 play sports/ do sports/ do exercise/ take exercise13. 至少 at least 14. 放学后 after school 15. 多久一次 how often16. 对……有益 be good for 17. 吃垃圾食品 eat junk food 18. 在闲暇的时候 in the free time 19. 基础不 not... at all 20. 上网 go online 21. 问题的谜底 the answer to the question 22. 例如 such as / for example23. 和……共度时光 spend time with24. 旧习难改 Old habits die hard. 25. 去看牙医 go to the dentist 26. 凌驾,多于more than 27. 少于 less than28. 放松的最好方式 the best way to relax 29. 吃水果 eat fruit 30. 去购物 go shopping 31.读英语书 read English books 32. 我最喜欢的节目 my favorite program33. 在周三和周五on Wednesday and Friday 34. 和朋侪打网球 play tennis with friends 35. 吃苹果 eat apples 36.喝牛奶 drink milk 37. 早睡 go to bed early 38. 去乡下露营 go camping in the country 39. 打电脑游戏 play computer games 40. 一周四到六次 four to six times a week41.一名16岁的中学生a 16-year-old high school student42.喝果汁 drink juice 43. 吃汉堡 eat hamburgers 44. 洁牙(动词短语)clean the teeth (名词短语)teeth cleaning45. 畏惧…… be afraid of 畏惧做某事be afraid to do sth. 二.重要句子1.What do you usually do on weekends?你周末通常做什么? 2.I always exercise.总是磨炼身体。3.What do they do on weekends?他们周末干什么? 4.They often help with housework.他们经常资助干家务活。5.What does she do on weekends? 她周末干什么? 6.She sometimes goes shopping.她有时购物。

7.How often do you go to the movies? 你多久看影戏一次?8.I go to the movies maybe once a month.可能一个月看一次。9.How often does he watch TV? 他多久看电视一次?10.He hardly ever watches TV.他险些不看电视。

11.Do you go shopping? 你购物吗? 12.No, I never go shopping.不,我从来就不购物。三.习习用语和搭配1. help sb. with sth 资助某人做某事 2. How about…? =What about…? ….怎么样?/ ….好欠好?3. want sb. to do sth. 想让某人做某事 4. How many + 可数名词复数+ 一般疑问句 ….有几多…..5. 主语+ find+ that 从句 …发现… 6. It’s + adj.+ to do sth. 做某事是….的7. spend time with sb. 和某人一起渡过时光 8. ask sb. about sth. 向某人询问某事9. by doing sth. 通过做某事 10. What’s your favorite…..? 你最喜欢的……是什么?11 start doing sth. 开始做某事 四.语法解说1. help with housework 资助做家务(1) help with sth. 意为“资助做某事”拓展:help sb. with sth.= help sb. (to)do sth. 资助某人做某事Eg: I often help him with his English.= I often help him (to) learn English. 我经常帮他学习英语。

(2)housework 意为“家务劳动”。不行数名词。1. They have housework to do. A. many B. much2. sometimes 有时辨析:sometimes ,some times ,sometime , some timesometimes 有时候。

=at times也是“有时”的意思。提问用how oftensome times 频频。time作可数名词时可作“次数”解;表现“时间”时是不行数名词。

How mang timessometime 某个时候。可指已往或未来的某个时候。

提问用whensome time 一段时间。常与for连用。对它提问用how long。

口诀影象:离开“一段时间” ;相聚“某个时候”。Eg:Sometimes I get up very late. 有时我起床很晚。

I will go to shanghai sometime next week. 下周某个时候我要去上海。He reads the story some times. 他读这个故事几遍了。I’ll stay here for some time. 我将会在这儿呆一段时间。

训练:① We plan to stay in Hainan for . 我们计划在海南呆一段时间。② I am sure that we have met before. 我肯定我们之前见过频频了。③ I have letters from him. 有时我会收到他的来信。

3. hardly ever 险些不 hardly ever相当于hardly eg:There is hardly any food left. 险些没有食物剩下。辨析:hardly 与hardhardly 险些不,一般位于动词之前。hard 努力,位于动词之后。eg:He hardly works. 他险些不事情。

He works hard. 他事情努力。4. use the Internet 用互联网 use sth. to do sth. 用某物做某事eg:I use a knife to cut bread. 我用刀切面包。

短语:on the Internet 在网上 surf the Internet 网上冲浪,上网5. What’s your favorite program? 你最喜欢的节目是什么?句型:What’s your favorite...?=What... do you like best?你最喜欢的......是什么?What’s your favorite animal?你最喜欢的动物是什么?= __________________________________________6. Are you free next week? 你下周有空吗?free 意为“空闲的,有空的”,反义词busy。be free 意为“闲着,有空”eg::He is free now.他现在有空。拓展:free还可译为“免费的”Eg:The tickets are free. 票是免费的。

7. ... next week is quite full for me... …下周对我来说相当忙…quite full 很忙,相当忙.拓展:①full 还可译为“满的,充满的”。Eg:The bus was full when they got there. 翻译________________________________________②full 还可译为“饱的”。

Eg:I can’t eat any more,I am quite full. 我不能再吃了,我相当饱了。8. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表现某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。How come Tom didn’t come to the party? = Why didn’t Tom come to the party?9. I have dance and piano lessons. 我要上舞蹈课和英语课。

have 在此意为“上……课”。Eg: They’re having an English lesson. 他们正在上英语课。扩展:have lessons 上课 Lesson One 第一课10. Well, how about Tuesday? 哦,那周二呢?How about...? (=What about...?) 意为“……怎么样?”,用来征求对方的意见。

Eg: How about this book? 这本书怎样?How / What about doing sth. ...? 做……怎么样?Eg:—What will we do on Sunday? 星期天我们什么?—How about visiting the museum? 去观光博物馆咋样?It’s sunny today,What about ________(play)tennis?11. I go to the movies maybe once a month. 我或许每月去看一次影戏。go to the movies ________________maybe 意为“也许,或许,可能”,常位于句首。Eg:Maybe he knows Tom. 也许他认识Tom。

辨析:maybe 和may bemaybe “也许,或许,可能”。(一般放句首)Maybe you are right. 也许你是对的。

may be “可能是,也许是”。为“情态动词+be动词”结构。You may be right. 你也许是对的。1. Lily an English teacher. Lily可能是一名英语老师。

=________________________________________12. He plays at least twice a week. 他至少每周踢两次(球)。at least 意为“至少”。其反义词为at most “最多”。

Eg:There are at least 1,500 students in our school. _____________________________________。13. But my mother wants me to drink it. 但我妈妈想让我喝它。want sb. to do sth. 意为“想让某人做某事”,否认形式为want sb. not to do sth. 意为“不想让某人做某事”。

Eg:She wants me to bring him some pens. 她想让我给她带些钢笔。拓展:1.want sth. 想要某物Do you want any story books?你想要些故事书吗?want to do sth. 想要做某事I want to visit my uncle. 我想去探望我的叔叔。Do you want (tell)me anything?14. She says it’s good for my health. 她说它对我的康健有利益。be good for 意为“对……有益”。

反义词为be bad for “对……有害”。Eg: Vegetables are good for you. 蔬菜对你有利益。拓展:be good at 擅长... be good at doing sth. 擅长做...1.I am good at (play)basketball.15. Last month we asked our students about their free time activities. 上个月我们向学生询问了他们业余运动的情况。ask sb. about sth. “询问某人关于某事”Eg:I asked my teacher about today’s homework. ____________________________________。

16. Here are the results. 这是(观察)效果。here 位于句首,句子要倒装。

当主语是名词性短语时,要用全倒装,即“here +谓语+主语”;当主语是人称代词时,要用半倒装,即“here+ 主语+谓语”。Eg:Here is your jacket. 这是你的夹克。Here he comes. 他来到这儿。

Here comes the bus. 汽车来了。17. …twenty percent students don’t exercise at all. …百分之20的学生基础不磨炼。①. 百分数由percent来表现,组成:基数词+percent。

Eg:Seventy percent of the boys like playing computer games. 男生中70%喜欢完电脑游戏。② not... at all 意为“一点儿也不,基础不”。Eg:I don’t know about it at all. 对那件事我一点也不知道。拓展:not at all = you are welcome 意为“不用谢,不客套”。

Eg:--Thank you for your help. --Not at all.18. Although many students like to watch sports, game shows are the most popular. 只管许多学生喜欢看运动类节目,但游戏类节目是最受接待的。although 连词。意为“虽然,只管”。

but 意为“可是”。英语中,although与but不能同时使用。Eg:Although it rained,the boys still played outside.= It rained,but the boys still played outside. 只管天下雨了,但男孩们仍在外面玩耍。My cousin knows a lot about geography, he is only four years old.A. because B. so C. although19. It is good to relax by using the Internet or watching game shows. 通过上网或看游戏类节目是很好的放松方式。

句中it 为形式主语,真正的主语是后面的动词不定式短语。此句型结构为:It’s+adj+(for sb.)+to do sth. 意为 “(对某人来说)做某事是……的”。Eg:It’s very important to listen carefully in class. 上课认真听讲很重要。

It’s easy for us to swim. 对我们来说游泳很容易。It’s very hard for him to study English. _____________________________________—I often have hamburgers for lunch.—You’d better not. It’s bad for you too much junk food.A.eat B.to eat C.eating D. ate20.Exercise such as playing sports is fun,and you can spend time with your friends and family asyou play together. 好比举行体育运动这方面的磨炼就是有趣的,当你们一起运动的时候你可以和朋侪、家人一起渡过时光。

such as 意为“好比,例如”。Eg: I have a lot of hobbies, such as reading and singing. 我有许多喜好,好比念书和唱歌。spend 意为“渡过” 或“花费(时间、款项)”。

Eg: Come and spend the weekend with us. 来和我们一起渡过周末吧。重点:① spend timemoney on sth. 在......上花费时间或款项He didn’t spend much time on his homework. 他没在作业方面花许多时间。

I spend 200 yuan on a new coat. ____________________________________② spend timemoney (in) doing sth. 花费时间或款项做某事Don’t spend too much time watching TV. 不要花费太多时间看电视。He always spend his time playing football. ________________________________Eg: I enjoy playing computer games,but I can’t too much time that.A.take, doing B.spend, doing C.spend, for doing D.take, to do21. However,she has some bad habits,too. 然而她也有一些坏习惯。however 意为“然而,不外”。可以位于句首、句中、句末。

但要用逗号与句子的其他部门离隔。Eg: She was ill. However, she still went to work. 她病了,然而她依然去上班。

辨析:but和howeverbut 并列连词 “然而,可是”。可直接毗连前后两个句子,表转折关系。

However 副词 “然而,可是”。不能直接毗连句子,必须用逗号与句子离隔。

Eg:1.It began to rain, ,we went out to look for the boy. 天开始下雨了,但我们还是出去寻找谁人男孩了。It a sunny morning, very cold. 这是个晴朗的早晨,可是却很冷。22. She usually watches TV for more than two hours a day. 她通常天天看两个多小时的电视。

more than 相当于over。意为“凌驾,多余”。There are more than 2000 books. ________________________________11. She says she is afraid. 她说她畏惧。(课本第15页)afraid 意为“担忧的,畏惧的”。

①.be afraid to do sth. 畏惧做某事 Eg:I am afraid to travel by plane. 我畏惧乘飞机旅行。②.be afraid of sb. sth. 畏惧某人某物be afraid of doing sth. 畏惧做某事 Eg:She is afraid of the dog. 她畏惧那只狗。Don’t be afraid of asking questions. 不要怕问问题。

be afraid to do sth.= 畏惧做某事23. Less than six. 少于6小时。Less than 意为“不到,少于”。其反义词为 more than over “多余,凌驾”Eg:She sleeps less than seven hours every night. 他每晚的睡眠时间不到7小时。We know Tom for 20 years. 我们认识Tom凌驾20年了24. how often 多久一次,用来提问行动发生的频率。

回覆用:once,twice, three times 等词语。How often do you play sports? Three times a week.how long 多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。

How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here? How long is the ruler?how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指旅程的远近。How far is it from here to the park? It’s about 2 kilometers.25.stay up late 指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。

Don’t stay up late next time.stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。He stayed up all night to write his story.26.find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 We have found him (to be) a good boy.find + 宾语 + 形容词, 发现: He found the room dirty.find + 宾语 + 现在分词, 发现 : I found her standing at the door.find +it +形容词+to do sth. I found it difficult to work out this math problem.。


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